Monday, January 6, 2020

Gender Stratification The Unequal Access Of Power,...

3. Gender stratification is the unequal access to power, property, and prestige on the basis of a person’s sex. One of the big inequalities that women face in the United States in the pay gap between men and women. The pay gap is the earning ration between men and women. The pay gap is found by taking the men’s median income subtracting it from the women’s median income and then dividing it by the men’s median income. In 2013, the median income for men was $50,033 and $39,157 for women in the United States. The pay gap for 2013 was 22%. In 2013, the earnings ratio of each state was compared and Michigan ranked 41 out of 51. Annual income for men was $49,449 and $37,258 for women. The earnings ratio was 75%. Michigan is also lower than the national average, which was 78% in 2013. (Simple Truth) Some people believe that the pay gap is due to personal choices that a person decides to make. One of those personal choices would be becoming a parent which often is different between the sexes. Women are more likely than men to take time off of work to take care of the child, whether they take months or years off after the baby is born. Women are also more likely to take time of work if their child is sick rather than men. Most stay-at-home or part-time working mothers eventually decide to return to full-time work and some experience â€Å"motherhood penalty†. A research has documented that employers are less likely to hire women with children than women without children, and when a placeShow MoreRelatedQuestions On Sociology Of Education Essay1539 Words   |  7 PagesAssignment 2: Sociology of Education 1 Submitted by: Bhawna Kapoor (M2014EE004) Systems of stratification in Indian Context Social stratification refers to a system by which categories of people in a society are ranked in a hierarchy. 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